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  Ҫ Ŀ Ƶ Code iProcess γ ֤ ѯ   רļ  
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ùSoftware Configuration ManagementSCM

ùSoftware Configuration ManagementSCMһֱʶ֯Ϳ޸ĵļùӦ̡̹ʱDzɱģӾĿ֮ĻҡSCMĿΪ˱ʶƱȷȷʵֲйԱijֽǶȽSCMһֱʶ֯Ϳ޸ĵļĿʹΪСЧЧʡ


1
5
2
չʷ
6
ְ
3
Ŀ
7
4
չԭ
8

 

 
1

ùĸ

ùSoftware Configuration Managementֳ̬ιܣSCM綨ĿÿĿıйܿأ汾ƣάͬĿ֮İ汾ʹڿһʱݶԱ׷ݣijҪϡ

ùᴩڣΪзṩһ׹취ͻԭùǶҵԱзԱҪ塣ùΪݣ

1VersionControl-汾

2ChangeControl-

3ProcessSupport-֧

ؼռ汾ơơ״̬桢Ƶȡ

ù

ùͼʾ

(1)(SCI)ùĶвϢãǣ(Դ롢Ŀ)Լݽṹ(ڲݡⲿ)ĵ(ĵĵ跽ĵ)棬ÿһΪùĻλͬʱʹõĻϵͳ֧ùߣҲùΧ

(2)ʶȷʶdzҪеĿΨһıʶڶ״̬ƺ͹

ñʶĵʶʶļʶ

͵RUP

(3)ߣ߱־һ׶εĽһһγĵͨΪߡڰѸ׶εĹֵøȷʹĹЩ϶ϿԱͿ϶׶γɹ

(4)ÿ⣺ÿ򺭸ǿọ̈̄Ӧʾ

߼ĿʵʩùĴ洢Ϊ3ࣺ⡢ܿؿ⡢Ʒ⡣

ٿ⣺ڿаҪɵĸּĵԴ롢ִдʹõݣΪԱĻṩ֧֡

ܿؿ⣺Ż߲ƷĿת׶ξͨĺѾ׼ƷƷ

۲Ʒ⣺ĿʽûղƷл

(5)ãÿƵĶΪȷùھʵʱִеụ̀Ҫƺͱơ

(6)ƣ͹ϵơ» ֤ÿȷԡһԡ걸ԡЧԡ׷ԣ Ӧƹ۶ڽݣӦ֤ݽʵİȫԺͿԡ

(7)״̬棺ṩ̵ʷ¼ݰù״̬ʱιʷ˺(⡢)ùԱӦڻҪʱύ״̬档״̬жԻбĿ׷ԡ

 

 
2
չʷ

ùĸԴվΪ˹淶豸죬վ1962ƶ˵һùı׼AFSCM375-1CM During the Development & Acquisition Phases

ù2060ĩ70ʱǴѧʥͰУLeon Presserڳеĺշƺͬڼ䣬׫дһƪΪChange and Configuration ControlģƱõĸƪͬʱҲڹĿ̽йһǧİ޸ģһܽᡣ

Leon Presser1975һΪSoftToolĹ˾ùߣChange and Configuration ControlCCCù֮һ

̵ķչùԽԽ죬Ľʵְ汾ƣչ21ͳṩռп֧̹֡Ȩ޿ơһϵȫĹѾγһϵͬʱùĹ߷棬Ҳ˴IJƷ磺ClearCaseнʮʷPerforceԴƷCVSżMicrosoft VSSHansky Firefly

ڹѾ30ʷùڹڵķչȴ21⼸¡ͨרǵĽܣԸܵڵùѾȡѸٷչõ˾ձϿɡ

 

 
3
Ŀ

ùڹᴩнάĿƷԡĻĿ

Ŀ 1: ùĸмƻеġ

Ŀ 2: ѡĿƷõʶ𣬿ƲҿԱԱȡ

Ŀ 3: ʶĿƷĸĵõơ

Ŀ 4: ʹ͸˼ʱ˽׼״̬ݡ

 

 
4

Ϊ˴ﵽĿ꣬ µķӦõõִ᳹У

ž;ĿӦʹúѭXSSCOSSPùĹ̡ʩùְӦȷ䡣Աõùѵž;ĿӦȷĿùΡùӦ㹻ʽ֧֣Ҫڿͻž;Ŀ֮Э̡ùӦʵʩ²Ʒ⽻ƷԼЩѡĿʹõ֧๤ߵȡõĿеõơ֤ԱӦö˸׼Լùʹ׼״̬ܹʱ֪ͨ͸ˡ

 

 
5

ùߵĹ

(1)֧֡һйͬĿĵмƷÿһмƷΪһù֧û֮ĸֹϵЩϵάάЩϵijЩض(Build)ͱʶijһ仯ϵͳӰ졣

(2)汾ơ汾ùĻҪԱ֤κʱָ̻κһ汾汾ƻ¼ÿķչʷͱ֤˰汾֮Ŀ׷ԣҲΪҴṩ˰汾Ҳֲ֧пĻʯ

(3)ơָжĿơϵͳ¼ÿαϢ(ԭ򡢱ʵʩԼݵ)ЩϢ׷ٳֵĸ⡣

(4)֧֡ϵͳɣϵͳǸӺͷʱḶ́ù߿Լ¼׷ÿϢûԶͿٵؽϵͳͰ汾ƽһ𣬿Ч֧ͬʱϵͳĶ汾

(5)֧֡ϸ˸Աʹϵͳ̿ƿԱ֤ÿһȷ˳ɺʵԱʵʩ̿ƱһIJ֣ùҲʼṩⲿֹܡĿǰù߶Թ̵ַֻ֧֧ܲʽҲֻܴṩһԤȶõģ֤ͣÿһģ͹涨С

(6)Ŷ֧֡Ŷָ֧ԱͬʱһϵͳϵͳҪԱ룬ЧŶֶ֧ԿԱǺõġŶ֧ҪпԶ̿(ijЩù߻ԿԱ֧)

ָΪÿԱṩĹԱԻŵؽйҲѡijʱԱṩԼ޸ĽԱ޸Ľ

йָԱͬʱе޸ĿԽкϲпԾܵԶϲпֵܳijͻ

Զ̿DzпָڹϲпĹʺھķܲʺϹ

Ŷֵ֧Ļǰ汾ƺͰ汾ϲ

(7)/ѯùûṩÿĸֲѯϢҪϵ桢仯Ӱ챨桢Build桢汾챨桢ʷ桢ʿƱ桢ͻⱨ档ʵùߵĴǷɢڸӦĹеġ

(8)ƿơùͨƿ֤ụ̀Ա֤ÿԡ򵥵ƿǼ¼ùִеӵƿƻ¼ÿ״̬仯

(9)ܡϵҪ⣬ùṩȨ޿ơԱÿȹЩҪΪùʵϹṩϡ

ùߵѡ

Ŀǰù߿ԷΪ3

(1)汾ƹߣżĹߣ磺CVSVSS

(2)ĿùߣʺϹС͵Ŀڰ汾Ļӱơ״̬ͳƵĹܣ磺ClearCasePVCS

(3)ҵùߣʵִͳùĻ־бȽǿĹ̹ܣ磺ALLFUSIONHarvestڽԼùʵʩʱһҪԼĹҪѡʺԼĹߣӶһʺԼĹƽ̨ǵĹĿǽ֯ùܹҪʵùйܣӶΪԺĹ̹ΪṩݵĻôǽѡרõùߡ

1ֵ֧IJϵͳ

⼸߶ָ֧IJϵͳWindowsLINUXUNIXֲַ֧ʽCVSHarvestVSSClearCaseServer԰װWindowsLINUXUNIXAIXȲϵͳϡ

2汾

CVSHarvestVSSClearCaseԽа汾ֲ֧п뿪ߵļɷ棬CVSJava߼ɣHarvest֧SCCӿڣVBVCȼɣ֧IBMWSADɡ

HarvestClearCaseֲ֧ṩʼ֪ͨ(˵֪ͨ)ֶǿŶӵϢͨṩֶĿHarvestǻڹ̵ıЧĽбƣڽùʱעĹڵĸClearCaseHarVestǿ跢Աķӿռ䣬ͨClearQuestЧؽбĸءCVSǻļıܸ١ĿıǽϿԴBugTrackIҲܽб

4״̬ͳƹ

CVSHarvestClearCaseṩǿͳϢܡ

5ݵİȫ

HarvestṩȫȨ޿ƣеʲOracleݿУOracleݵ밲ȫԶʱݣȨ޿ƺͰȫԷõģCVSClearCaseҪϵͳȨãClearCaseԼļϵͳڰȫԷҲϸĿƣCVSİȫ뱸ݹҪͨòϵͳȨʵ֡ùĻܵʵϣCVSṩ˰汾ͲֱĹܣHarvestClearCaseùĹܵͬʱ԰֯Ŀе

ùߵļӦ

ӦĹģӳ̶ͻӻ͵ķʽҲڵĵսʽֹʽתΪŻˮʽŶЭʽֿģʽлһЩ⣬磺

Ҫ汾ָǰijһʱ״̬

ijһͬһʱֻһԱ޸ģ

޸ij

ÿԱдij

ν⣬ĿÿһΪÿһλĿҪĿ⡣ĿǰùܹеĿ޷ӣлؽһܹر濪жӦóÿһԴļе޸ļ¼˳ֵùܹЧĹ¼棺

(1)ʱָǰijһʱ㡣ù߿Խijһָǰijһʱ״̬汾ָǰijһʱ״̬ܱȽϳIJͬ汾ʶ޸ģɾľУԽͬ汾޸ĺϲһļУһҪĴ뱻ɾˣѸٻָδ롣

(2)ʵִĻ޸ġùܹʵijһͬһʱֻһԱ޸ġʵַʽǣԱԴļŴ(Cherk out)һʱԱͲټͬһˣֻеһԱ޸IJɺ󣬽°汾Ĵ(Check in)Աܼͬһ-ȻЩùҲó޸ģͬʱͬһԽͬ汾޸ĺϲһ³С

(3)Գ޸ĽЧĹùпԽûΪԱͳԱֽɫֻйԱԽ򶳽(Freeze)ͽⶳ(Unfreeze)ij޸ĵġ޸ijΪ

ûύ飬Աύ˵飬ĿͨùԱ(CMO)ⶳ

ɳԱ

۳Ա޸ij

޸ɺԱύС飬СвԣԲͨתڢ۲

ݲͨԺԱд޸ļ¼Ȼ

ùԱ򶳽ᡣ

һγ޸ġڻʽͶʹʱַʽԱ֤ȶзdzҪá

(4)ԻлЧĸ룺Ƚϴ͵ĿרŵIJС飻ùߺ󣬿ԱԼĿԱԼIJԻ-Աż򣬿ɱijӰԱʹúͲԴϵͳĿеһ׶Σʱùһµİ汾ͶСа汾ʱѡǰе޸ļ¼

(5)ԱдijƿȡùرڿжӦóÿһԴļе޸¼-Щ¼޸ijĿԱ޸ĵʱ䡢еľ޸ԼԱ޸ĵĽ͡ĿͨЩ¼Գ޸ĵĴ޸ԭ޸ͳƣܹÿһԱдijۺЩ¼ʹĿܶĿĽȡıд޸һ˽⡣

(6)ĵù߲Ϊֿṩ˴ŶĽӿڣܴ͵ļùнרŵļУ÷ţɵĸĵÿĵԴĶ汾ʱġ

ע⣺ùİȫһ㣬ΪȷԴĵİȫƶһϵͳݲDZҪġ

֮һĿС鿪УùߵIJǷdzҪġͺһıʷİ汾˿ƣܹЭⷢԱĹĿ̽ЧĹЧʣյ°빦Ч

ùߵʹҪ

ʹù߱ע⣺

(1)ʼձÿùȷԣʼȷӳ

(2)ȷÿù֮ʵһ¡

(3)ȷÿùİȫ

ù

ԹߵӦڹܵԣӦһζǿܵȫԣƷӦ˽⣺

1.òƷһ湦ܿɽĿ֯ĵǰ⣬֯ùϵ

2.òƷĿķֵµЧʽΣ

3.òƷԲʹõ֧Σ

4.òƷϵͳߡ̡ļΣ

5.òƷijԺȶ(ѡIJƷǽɱɿԵҪֶ)ӦѡгռʸߵĹߣ

6.òƷǷѧã

7.òƷĹ򡢰װʵʩάǷԽܡ

 

 
6
ְ

κһ˵֤תǰҪȷĽɫְȨ޵Ķ塣رùĹ֮󣬱Ƚ״̬ǣ֯ڵԱղͬĽɫҪ󡢸ϵͳȨִӦĶˣڱܵùҪ漰еĽɫͷֹ

ĿProject ManagerPM

ĿзĸˣÿίԱĽ׼ùĸǵĽְ̡Ϊ¼

ƶ޸Ŀ֯ṹùԣ

׼ùƻ

ĿʼߺͿ̱

ܲÿίԱı档

ÿίԱᣨConfiguration Control BoardCCB

ָͿùĸĽУΪĿľṩ顣ְΪ¼ƿϵͳ

Ʒʿƣ

ƶòԣ

Ļߵã˱룻

ùԱıӦĶԲߡ

ùԱConfiguration Management OfficerCMO

ùƻִи񣬶CCBύ棬ϯCCBᡣְΪ¼

ùߵճά

ύùƻ

Ĺά

ִа汾ƺͱƷ

Ʋύ棻

ԿԱصѵ

ʶдڵⲢͽ

ϵͳԱSystem Integration OfficerSIO

ϵͳԱɺ͹Ŀڲⲿ汾ְΪ¼

޸ģ

ϵͳ

ɶ԰汾ճά

ⲿ汾

ԱDeveloperDEV

ԱְǸ֯ȷùƻع涨ùߵʹģɿ

 

 
7

һзĿһԻΪ׶Σƻ׶Ρ׶κά׶ΡȻùĽǶ׶漰Ļһ£ԾͰǺ϶ΪһΪĿά׶Ρ

ƻ׶

һĿ֮PMҪƶ??зƻ֮ùĻͿչˣΪĿʼ֮ƶùƻôùؼ޷ʱЧĽУֱӺĿ״ĻҲעùΪһ֡Ȼ𡱵ΪԼʱƶһùƻһ̶ĿɹҪ֤

ùƻƶУҪӦģ

CCBĿĿƻȷ̱Ϳԣ

CMOCCBĹ滮ƶϸùƻCCBˣ

CCBͨùƻĿ׼ʵʩ

ά׶

һ׶ĿзҪ׶Ρһ׶УùҪΪ棺

ҪCMOɵĹά

SIODEVִùԣ

DZ̡DZ˴֮ȶֻϵл塣

ùУĺӦģ

CCB趨зijʼߣ

CMOù滮ÿ͹ռ䣬Ϊִùƻ׼

ǿԱͳһùԣݻõȨԴĿз

SIOĿĽȼڿԱĹɹϵͳƽ汾ݽ

CCBĿĽչ˸ֱ󣬲ʱĻµĻߣ֤άĽС

̾ѭֱĿĽȻĺĹ֮⣬漰һЩصĻͲ̣水ͬĽɫֹг
ԱĿĿԻģͽй

SIO𽫸ĿĹɹ鲢ɷ֧Ի򷢲

SIOCCBߵҪ󣬾׼CMOִУ

CMOĿCCBύƱ棬CCBбĿпܴڵ͸Ľ

ڻЧһжԻߺͻ֮ǰĿɹı뾭CCB׼

CCBھᣬݳԱյCMOıͿԱ󣬶ùƻ޸ģĿ

 

 
8

ҵѾʶùҪԣϣͨʵʩùˮƽǿҵľӦгѹ

Ҫ

гЩHansky˾йгƳҵ缼ȵùƷùFireflyͱButterflyFireflyHansky˾ƳùϵͳɹάҵĵFireflyһܡٶȼùϵͳֲ֧ͬĿƽ̨ҵеIJͬŶӡͬĿжԹ㷺ӦáFireflyܹŶӿṩ֧֣ŶһӵFireflyͿԷdz׼ȷĶ壺ʲôʱ䷢ǰ汾ЩܣЩɣǰ汾мЩBug޸ģij޸˭Ͽɵģνµķ汾ȵȡ

ButterflyHansky˾ṩһƷΪģЧЭĿиְλԱĹܹʹĿڽ϶ʱڸɡ

ButterflyҪ£

ṩԿеȱݡ׷ٹ

滮̣Դдʣ޶ȱҵ֪ʶƸ

ṩḻıܣֱͼͳƿԱĹȺͱ͹Ա֣

Żҵ̣ѧĹϵͳʹûɣ߹ЧʣͬʱûԸʵ򵥡ݵضԼҵ̣

չȣĸ׶νжԽǿĹ̿ƣ

Աȷ˽Ŀ񣬲ȼɣ

ṩѺõ˻棬ֹ֧ĵʼԶ֪ͨ͵ĹԱʹãӹͨͽ

ĴϵͳӸƷ߲Ʒ

ٿ̣淶Ʒĸ׶Σ˷ѲҪʱ䡣

ŵ

Hansky˾ù˾洦Զ׼ģܹɿƲƷĽȡԱиʱдԵĹԱһ׼̸ЧճƷԱܹȷûеIJƷԣûʽ𡢹ˮƽͱ֪ʶƸȷõʵ档

1Լûʽ

Hanskyùϵͳʵʩɱ

ӲϵͳܵҪͣԿƽ̨ʹãԼûͶʣ

װ򵥣άרְϵͳԱ

ܼࡢʵãѧϰգЧùϵͳͶʵʹõڣ

õչԺLicenseʽԼʽĽʹùϵͳ֧СģʽûҲִܹ֧ģŶӵЭܹͬؽչûԸʵҪã󽵵˽ͳͶʽ

ǰհԣûͶʡHansky˾ùƷµļ紿TCP/IPJ2EEMS .NETĿȣȫµӦģʽṹB/SӦýṹȣȷϵͳڽϳʱڲͬƷҪϵĸ£

Դ洢/ָܣԼûڱݷ֧

ûIJƷ

HanskyFireflyϵͳԿԴа汾͸٣Խ˾Ĵ֪ʶ⣬濪еʷ汾˴ĸʣͬʱά汾ͽ°汾Ŀ޶ȵع롣Butterfly齨֮ټϢͨѶƣͨʼϵͳĽϴǿ˿֮ĹͨͨḻıܿɶԷֵԱʽ౨ΪָͨʹHanskyù׼߿ЧʺͲƷ˴븲ǡͨĻҾ棬˲ƷĿڡ

ͲƷIJ

ʹHanskyùûHanskyרҵݽ淶ụ̀еƷõͳһЧĹFireflyButterflyԱͨʷֱӻȡ°汾ҹ˾֪ʶ⣬ύռûķԱ赽ֳûн⣬ͬʱӦصĿֹԱ䵽Ŀ㡢ɢԱı׶ˣͬʱԼòá

2ˮƽ

ĽûĿģʽ

ʹHanskyùЧظĽûģʽ͹̣ҵȵļ

FireflyButterflyûԣ

ЧĹռ䣬ԱľжĹռ䣬ܼ¼еʷ 㽨ַ֧֧֧֮ıȽϲ鲢ߣ ֲ֧пģʽ߿Чʣ ֧ؿFireflyͨԶֶͬͬصĵĴ洢⣬ΪֲĿŶṩܺõ֧֣ ɱĿеı¼׷٣Ẓ̇ ƵķԷĻ汾ΪͬûӦóİ汾ٽϵͳĿٲṩ汾ݵ ֱ֧ԭȷһԣ ֧ߵİ汾û¼Ŀ֤ڵʷ DefectRFETask⡢顢񣩹˾̡ѧĹϵͳʹ˾ԱӦ֣ɣӶ߹Чʡ

ǿĿ

ͨĿ˿Էز鿴ĿչԼԱ Web漴ʵִ븴Ŀ״̬飻 ḻͼ湦ܣԶɱͳƱ桢Ʊ棬ֹ֧̹ȷܹ߽оߡ

ͳĿУһֱԹָꡣԱԼգԹ󣻿Ագ̫ǿFireflyButterflyϵͳܹ͹۵ļ¼ԱĹݺΪĺָꡣ

ButterflyFireflyɺ󣬿Чظٺʹıؼ¼ԱĹݣʵʵڵĹԱ޸ϸڶÿһĹIJԡԲԱҲӦĿɿԣۣЧǿ˶ԲԵĹ

ǿЭ빵ͨŶӾ

ʹFirefly湫˾֪ʶƸButterflyFAQԼEmailԶ֪ͨܣЧؼǿĿԱ֮Ĺͨ⼰ʱ֡ʱ޸ġʱ֪ͨȴֲӺܶĹ˿ŶӵЭͬЧʡ

3ҵ֪ʶƸ

ҵķչս˵ڼ졢ԱƵ£ù˾֪ʶ⼰⣬Ѹ˵֪ʶתΪ˾֪ʶ;飬߹Чʡ̲ƷԼ߹˾ľҪáÿѧù˼룬֮Ƚùߣ԰ûڲƵ֪ʶϵ

ԱͶĽᾧҲ˾ıƸڿγɵĸִһһǿϵͳɲ֡ȻһʵǣһijԱ뿪λԭдĴΪ˹ʣĵȫ޴ӿԭ򣬾ûרŶÿԱĴ롢ĵпѧĹӦ÷Χ󵽹˾һй淶˵ռFireflyΪṩһƽ̨Ͳֿ⣬ڽ˾Ĵ⣬븴ã߿ʺ

ҵ񼰾

ͨFireflyButterflyԶĿ־⼯ϣּ¼̣ij˵ʧڹ˾ҵ飬۶ά汾Ҫָá⣬ButterflyڽFAQģ飬Խľ⣬͹ǻۡ

ȫԺͿɿ

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⣬HanskyIJƷṹƣ洢ȫļͳ蹲洢Ŀ¼ܹЧֹµĴ洢̱𻵣ͬʱžǷʡ

   
 
 

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