摘要：本文提出了一种基于本体的设计原理信息提取方法。该方法以设计原理的知识模型为基础，通过查询驱动的用户界面，可以动态的预测设计人员所关心的问题，并给出相应的回答。我们在文献综述和案例分析的基础上建立了设计原理的本体，并以铁路货车转向架设计为例说明了智能信息提取的实现。初步的研究表明，与文档管理和关键字搜索相比，这种基于本体的设计原理信息提取方法具有完整性和一致性等优点，可以作为KBDSS(Knowledge-Based Design Support System) 的技术基础之一。
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design rationale information retrieval
This article presents an ontology-based method for design rationale
information retrieval. The method is based on the knowledge level
model of design rationale. Through the query-driven user interface,
the questions from which the designer wants to know about the design
are dynamically generated and the answers of the questions are
presented. We build the ontology of design rationale based on
related empirical studies and our own case analysis. The
implementation of the method is illustrated with an example of
railway freight car bogie design. Elementary study shows that the
method has the advantage of completeness and coherence over
conventional information retrieval based on document management and
keyword search. It is believed to be one of the well-founded
techniques of Knowledge Based Design Support System.
design reuse, design rationale, intelligent information retrieval,
knowledge based design support system, ontology